Early Pregnancy Termination Options

When you’re pregnant and planning for a baby, it’s hard to imagine the possibility of an abortion. But if you find yourself in that situation, you may wonder about early pregnancy termination options. 

In the most developed world, there are two general options for terminating a pregnancy before 12 weeks: medical Abortion or surgical Abortion. 

Medical abortions involve a combination of pharmaceutical drugs or herbs. They typically occur in the home, whereas surgical abortions can only be conducted in a hospital or medical clinic environment. 

Once they’re past twelve weeks, women have to choose between delivering the child and putting it up for adoption.

In this article, we will discuss what is available, how effective they are, and whether or not they will affect future pregnancies.

Early Pregnancy Termination Options – Ending Pregnancy with Medications

Medication abortion is a non-surgical procedure involving two drugs to induce miscarriage. The first drug, mifepristone (also known as RU-486), works by blocking the hormone progesterone needed to support a pregnancy. 

Without this hormone, your uterus will expel any tissue from the pregnancy and cause bleeding. The second medication, misoprostol (also known as Cytotec), causes contractions of the uterus to complete the process of ending your pregnancy.

No side effects are associated with either medication used for Abortion pills; however, some women may experience nausea or vomiting after taking their first pill or several hours later when they take their second medication. 

You can also take anti-nausea medications like Zofran (ondansetron) or Compazine (prochlorperazine) if you have these symptoms (available at pharmacies without a prescription). 

These symptoms usually go away within 24 hours after treatment, but if they continue past two days, immediately determine why you are still feeling sick and what needs to be done before miscarrying naturally on your own!

Is The Abortion Pills are Good Way to Terminate a Pregnancy? 

The abortion pill is a safe and effective way to end an early pregnancy. The first pill, mifepristone, blocks the hormone progesterone needed to maintain a pregnancy. It also causes the lining of your uterus to break down, so it can be expelled.

The second step involves taking a second medication called misoprostol—or Cytotec—to make your uterus contract and expel its contents. A doctor or nurse will insert the tablets into your vagina or put them into your mouth for you to swallow as directed by your chosen clinic.

Early Abortion Options: What will happen?

If you seek an early abortion option, the abortion pill is a safe and effective way to terminate your pregnancy. It is one of the most common methods used in non-hospital settings because of its simplicity and affordability.

The process of taking the abortion pill involves two steps: mifepristone, followed by misoprostol.

Mifepristone is taken first, which blocks progesterone from reaching your uterus. Without this hormone, your eggs will not implant properly in your uterine wall; therefore, no pregnancy can develop or continue past five weeks after conception (or seven weeks after LMP).

When taken alone, mifepristone does not work effectively enough to terminate a pregnancy that has progressed past seven weeks after LMP (nine weeks from fertilization). Because of this limitation, it must be taken with another medication called misoprostol for complete termination effectiveness beyond seven weeks after LMP (nine weeks from fertilization).

Termination of Pregnancy (Abortion): Procedure

Abortion, or medical termination of pregnancy, is a procedure that removes the embryo or fetus from the uterus. The procedure can be done in two ways:

  • Surgical Abortion (surgical removal).
  • A medication abortion (medicine to end pregnancy).

Surgical Abortion is performed in a clinic or hospital under anesthesia. A doctor inserts a tube into your uterus and uses suction to remove it. The process takes about 10 minutes, and you can go home soon. 

Medication abortions are done by taking pills instead of having surgery on your body; however, they still require visits with your doctor for follow-up care and testing like any other medication.

How Important Is Patient Education Before And After Abortion?

Patient education is an important part of the overall abortion experience. It helps to ensure that patients understand their options, know what to expect during their appointment, and clearly understand their procedure and recovery process. 

It helps patients make informed decisions about their treatment options and allows them to better understand the risks, benefits, side effects, and long-term consequences of those treatments. 

Doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals are responsible for providing accurate information about potential risks, so patients can make informed decisions about their care options.

Well-informed patients are more likely to feel confident about their decision, so it is worth educating them on all aspects of the abortion process.

Some people may not be sure whether or not they want an abortion until they go through with it. At that point, it may be too late for them to change their minds because of the risks associated with a late-term abortion. 

It’s also important for both doctors and nurses to offer information about other options available if someone decides not to go through with an abortion procedure. Some people may want to consider adoption or parenting instead of having an abortion.

How Early Can I Take The Abortion Pill?

But when can you take the pill? The answer depends on where you live and whether you’re using mifepristone or misoprostol.

This drug is used in combination with misoprostol for medication abortions. Mifepristone works by blocking progesterone, a hormone that helps sustain a pregnancy. Without this hormone, the lining of your uterus breaks down, and the embryo can’t attach to it. 

If taken within 72 hours of unprotected sex or contraceptive failure, mifepristone alone reduces the chance of pregnancy. It’s also more effective than methotrexate in preventing ectopic pregnancies (when an embryo implants outside the uterus).

Abortion: What to Expect

If you decide that an abortion is the right choice for you, it’s important to know what to expect. You must ask yourself do I will bleed badly. , But Abortion is a safe procedure and is generally considered one of the least invasive methods of terminating a pregnancy. 

However, some side effects can occur following the procedure. Many doctors recommend that patients take diclofenac (also known as Voltaren) or ibuprofen (also known as Advil) for pain relief after having an abortion.

You may experience bleeding and cramping immediately following your procedure, which can last up to 10 days afterward, depending on how far along your pregnancy you were when it began. 

A few hours after having an abortion, you may be given an antibiotic called metronidazole (Flagyl) to prevent infection; this medication will cause diarrhea and flatulence in most patients.

But can often be taken with food or milk products such as yogurt or cottage cheese, so that symptoms do not worsen significantly during this period before subsiding. 

Within several days after taking these medications and other medications their doctors prescribed, such as antibiotics containing tetracycline hydrochloride.

Unplanned Pregnancy: Abortion, How To Handle It?

Unplanned pregnancy is one of the most difficult situations to handle. To think about what could be done in such a situation, Abortion is one option that comes to mind.

Abortion is essentially a method used to terminate an unplanned pregnancy. It involves ending the life of a fetus as soon as possible after conception until it becomes viable outside the womb (24 weeks). 

This can be done through medical or surgical procedures, depending on how far you are in your pregnancy. Still, both are safe and effective ways to end an unwanted pregnancy while minimizing risks and side effects.

In some countries, such as India, where abortions are legal up to 20 weeks gestation (complete pregnancy), the termination process can be conducted with little or no hassle from law enforcement agencies! 

In other countries like the USA, which have strict laws against Abortion, there are only 2 options available: legal/illegal abortions, which have varying associated costs and health risks, so make sure you know about them before deciding anything for yourself.


While there are plenty of options out there, you are the one who ultimately has to decide which path is best for you in your delicate situation. 

Pregnancy termination isn’t a decision anyone makes on a whim, and it’s worth thoroughly researching your options before making any final decision. Think it through and make the best choice for yourself.

(Written by Dr. Ebad Khan)